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Cheesesteak 101: A Primer On The Who, What, Where And Whiz Of South Philly Cheesesteaks
Here in Philly, cheesesteaks are a civic icon, a tourist draw and a cultural obsession. Often imitated around the world, the cheesesteak is rarely duplicated successfully outside of Philadelphia. So what is an authentic cheesesteak and where did it come from? Here’s the lowdown on this region’s favorite sandwich.
What Is A Cheesesteak?:
A cheesesteak is a long, crusty roll filled with thinly sliced sautéed rib-eye beef and melted cheese. Generally, the cheese of choice is Cheez Whiz®, but American and provolone are common substitutions. The art of cheesesteak preparation lies in the balance of flavors, textures and what is often referred to as the “drip” factor. Other toppings may include fried onions, sautéed mushrooms, ketchup and hot or sweet peppers. Some sandwich shops also offer a cheesesteak hoagie, a hybrid version that combines the cheesesteak with cold hoagie dressings like lettuce, tomato and mayonnaise. Cheesesteaks are fast, portable and readily available at steak shops, delis, food trucks, pizzerias and even some high-end restaurants throughout the region.
The cheesesteak made its official debut in 1930. Pat Olivieri was a South Philadelphia hot dog vendor who one day decided to put some beef from the butcher on his grill. A taxicab driver noticed the alluring aroma and asked for his own steak sandwich. The next day, as the story goes, rumor of the delicious lunch had spread, and cabbies around the city came to Olivieri demanding steak sandwiches. Soon after, Olivieri opened up a shop on 9th Street and Passyunk Avenue, Pat’s King of Steaks, to sell his new creation. Eventually, according to legend, he added cheese to the recipe. Today, Pat’s grills are sizzling 24 hours a day, as are circa 1966 Geno’s, the rival shop across the street. For 50 years, the two family-run businesses have waged a friendly competition to win the title of best cheesesteak in town, with Geno’s late founder, Joe Vento, claiming it was he, not Olivieri, who first added cheese to the cheesesteak.
How To Order A Cheesesteak:
Cheesesteak consumption has its own etiquette. When ordering, there are two critical questions to answer: First, what kind of cheese do you want? (Whiz? Provolone? American?) Second, do you want onions? (“Whiz wit?”) The correct way to respond is “Wit” for “Yes, I would like Whiz and onions,” or “Widout” for “No, just the cheese.” Then, ask for any other toppings or condiments you desire. Be forewarned: Lines are long, patience is tested, and if you don’t have your order and money ready to go, you might be sent to the back of the queue.
Best Places To Find A Cheesesteak:
Nearly every pizza shop on any corner of every neighborhood in the city serves up the mouth-watering delicacy. Here are a few notable Center City and South Philadelphia spots:
- Chic Rittenhouse Square steakhouse Barclay Prime dishes out what is the city’s, and most likely, the world’s most expensive cheesesteak. For $120, guests enjoy a gussied-up sandwich stuffed with Wagyu rib-eye, foie gras, truffled cheese whiz and served on a fresh-baked sesame roll. This decadent creation comes, fittingly, with a half bottle of champagne. 237 S. 18th Street, (215) 732-7560, barclayprime.com
- More famous for its creative menu of hoagies, Campo’s Deli cooks up a respectable traditional cheesesteak, and they ship to other cities all over the country as well. Located just a few blocks from the Liberty Bell and Independence Hall in Historic Philadelphia, it’s the perfect stop for a post-tour meal. 214 Market Street, (215) 923-1000, camposdeli.com
- Cheesesteaks get the spotlight at Cleavers, Rittenhouse Square’s ode to the Philly fave. Fillings—whether rib-eye, chicken or veggies—can be consumed via a roll, wrap or bowl, with topping options such as Sriracha aioli, blue cheese dressing, long hots and onion rings. 108 S. 18th Street, (215) 515-3828, cleaversphilly.com
- In a city famous for its sandwiches, Jake’s Sandwich Board adds an element of creativity to its crowd-pleasing dishes. The cheesesteak, for example, is piled with slow-roasted brisket (not the usual rib-eye) and topped with mild provolone and caramelized onion. 122 S. 12th Street, (215) 922-0102; 125 S. 40th Street, (215) 921-9580, jakessandwichboard.com
- Jim’s Steaks has four locations, but the classic smell of fried onions wafting down South Street makes that address the most memorable—and the most popular after a late night of partying on the famed strip. 400 South Street, (267) 519-9253; 431 N. 62nd Street, (215) 747-6617; Bustleton & Cottman Avenues, (215) 333-5467; 469 Baltimore Pike, Springfield, (61) 544-8400, jimssteaks.com
- The circa 1892 and always busy Reading Terminal Market houses more than 80 vendors of farm-fresh produce, meats, cheeses, herbs and ready-to-eat meals—from Amish baked goods to Greek fare. It’s also a great spot to feast on Philly’s most famous sandwich: the cheesesteak. By George! Pizza, Pasta & Cheesesteaks, Carmen’s Famous Italian Hoagies & Cheesesteaks and Spataro’s Cheesesteaks are among the solid options here. 12th & Arch Streets, (215) 922-2317, readingterminalmarket.org
- Founded in 2000, Sonny’s Famous Steaks offers a fresh, healthier take on the recipe, frying the 100% Angus beef in its own juices rather than in oil. The Historic Philadelphia shop uses locally baked Amoroso’s rolls and boasts a liberal ordering policy—meaning patrons shouldn’t feel pressured to order the cheesesteak in standard Philly fashion. 228 Market Street, (215) 629-5760, sonnyscheesesteaks.com
- Although Cosmi’s Deli is a relative newcomer among the cheesesteak contenders, this corner store has won plenty of praise for its rendition of the famous Philly delicacy. It’s even a two-time winner of Philadelphia magazine’s coveted “Best of Philly” award. 1501 S. 8th Street, (215) 468-6093, cosmideli.com
- It may be across the street from the oldest cheesesteak joint in town, but Geno’s Steaks is a formidable competitor going roll-for-roll with Pat’s for more than 50 years. The key to success for the 24/7 spot? Quality thinly sliced rib-eye steak for maximum juiciness, the freshest of onions and house-made bread. 1219 S. 9th Street, (215) 389-0659, genosteaks.com
- John’s Roast Pork may not have “cheesesteak” in its name, but this small shack among shopping plazas is frequently named one of the city’s top steak spots. Its secret weapon? A crusty seeded roll. 14 E. Snyder Avenue, (215) 463-1951, johnsroastpork.com
- The original home of the cheesesteak, Pat’s King of Steaks has been owned and operated by the Olivieri family for 86 years and counting. A 24-hour shop, Pat’s shuts down for only 48 hours each year: Thanksgiving and Christmas. 1301 E. Passyunk Avenue, (215) 468-1546, patskingofsteaks.com
- Visit the Delaware River Waterfront’s Shank’s Original for a highly reputed cheesesteak and an old-school South Philly experience. Wise patrons know to save room for a bite or two of Shank’s famed chicken cutlet sandwich too. 901 S. Columbus Boulevard, Pier 40, (215) 218-4000, shanksoriginal.com
- Every sandwich at the award-winning Tony Luke’s—now with multiple locations in multiple states—is worth ordering. And although the cheesesteak, made with 100% USDA-inspected rib-eye steak, was not on the restaurant’s original menu, it’s been a top seller ever since it was added six months after opening in 1992. Original location, 39 E. Oregon Avenue, (215) 551-5725, tonylukes.com
- Like South Philadelphia, Roxborough boasts a solid across-the-street cheesesteak shops rivalry: Chubby’s versus Dalessandro’s. At Chubby’s, thin rib-eye steak is mixed with thin sliced onions and served on an Amoroso’s roll. Plus, there are more cheese options here than at most Philly shops. Patrons can take their pick from American, provolone, Swiss, pepperjack and Cheez Whiz. 5826 Henry Avenue, (215) 487-2575
- Dalessandro’s Steaks has racked up an enormous amount of accolades since getting into the cheesesteak business a half-century ago. For this Roxborough neighborhood staple, freshness rules, and that’s why they use only the freshest meats, cheeses, produce and bread to make their raved-about creations one sandwich at a time. 600 Wendover Street, (215) 482-5407, dalessandros.com
- Home to Philadelphia Eagles linebacker Connor Barwin’s favorite cheesesteak, Ishkabibble’s is a Philly legend that’s been cooking up cheesesteaks and chicken cheesesteaks since 1979. Other favorites at this South Street hotspot include Spanish fries and the original Gremlin, a half-lemonade, half-grape-juice concoction. 337 South Street, (215) 923-4337, philacheesesteak.com
- The staff at Joe’s Steaks & Soda Shop has been slinging the classic sandwich since 1949 at its mom-and-pop shop in Northeast Philadelphia. The newer Fishtown location stays true to tradition, serving the 67-year-old recipe with beef or chicken and alongside milkshakes, ice cream sodas and egg creams. 1 W. Girard Avenue, (215) 423-5637; 6030 Torresdale Avenue, (215) 535-9405, joessteaks.com
- Max’s may be most well known for its star turn in Creed, the seventh and most recent movie in the Rocky film franchise, but for many decades now, it’s been a go-to place for cheesesteaks in the off-the-tourist-beaten-path neighborhood of North Philadelphia. 3653 Germantown Avenue, (215) 229-9048
- Home of the iconic cheesesteak sandwich known as the Schmitter®, McNally’s Tavern packs its signature creation with sliced beef, extra cheese, fried onions, tomato, grilled salami and secret Schmitter sauce. This family-owned shop has been serving its over-the-top sandwich on a flash-broiled kaiser roll for more than a half-century now. 8634 Germantown Avenue, (215) 247-9736, mcnallystavern.com
- Now with four locations in the Philadelphia area, Steve’s Prince of Steaks started in Northeast Philadelphia and expanded to Center City recently. For 30 years now, owner Steve Iliescu has delivered his signature sandwich on a long, thin roll with just the right chew. 41 S. 16th Street, (215) 972-6090; 7200 Bustleton Avenue, (215) 338-0985; 2711 Comly Road, (215) 677-8020; 1617 E. Lincoln Highway, Langhorne, (215) 943-4640, stevesprinceofsteaks.com
VISIT PHILADELPHIA® is our name and our mission. As the region’s official tourism marketing agency, we build Greater Philadelphia’s image, drive visitation and boost the economy.
On Greater Philadelphia’s official visitor website and blog, visitphilly.com and uwishunu.com, visitors can explore things to do, upcoming events, themed itineraries and hotel packages. Compelling photography and videos, interactive maps and detailed visitor information make the sites effective trip-planning tools. Along with Visit Philly social media channels, the online platforms communicate directly with consumers. Travelers can also call and stop into the Independence Visitor Center for additional information and tickets.
Philly Tours Explore History, Art, Food, Bridges & the Supernatural
Visitors to Philadelphia can choose from an assortment of options to explore the region, including those of the air, automotive, audio, culinary, self-guided and water-based varieties. And the sightseeing fun doesn’t stop when the sun goes down. Those who come out at night can join tours that feature behind-the-scenes action and, if so desired, spirits from beyond. Here’s a selection of tours available throughout the region:
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